What is gum disease?
Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection that affects the soft tissues and bones supporting the teeth. It can take on different forms, such as the mild to moderate gingivitis that only affects the soft tissues. However, in severe cases, the infection can spread to the teeth's supporting structures and bones, potentially leading to tooth loss if left untreated.
What are the causes of gum disease?
There are several factors that can contribute to the development of gum disease, such as bacterial and plaque buildup in the mouth, smoking, hormonal changes, certain prescription medications, nutritional deficiencies, uneven teeth, and even genetics. To reduce the risk of gum disease, it's important to avoid these factors as much as possible.
However, it's important to note that none of these factors alone can cause gum disease to spread throughout the body. By maintaining a consistent oral hygiene routine, it becomes extremely difficult for gum disease to take hold and spread.
For example, even if you have a genetic predisposition to plaque buildup, brushing and flossing twice a day, as well as scheduling regular dental cleanings and checkups, can significantly reduce the likelihood of developing gum disease.
If you have uneven teeth, it may be more difficult to clean between them and remove plaque, bacteria, and food debris. But gum disease can still be prevented with regular and thorough brushing, flossing, and dental visits.
The Most Common Cause of Gum Disease
Gum disease can be caused by the uncontrolled growth of bacteria and plaque in the mouth, whether due to hormonal changes, smoking, or prescription medication. However, the good news is that a good oral hygiene routine can easily prevent it.
Although the mentioned factors may increase the risk of gum disease and make it challenging to prevent, it ultimately depends on the individual.
The most effective way to prevent gum disease is by brushing and flossing twice daily and scheduling regular visits to your dentist for professional cleaning, usually twice a year.